# A laboratory experiment on the properties of a pendulum moving in a circular motion

Simple Representations of Symmetrical Rotors T. However, the amount of displacement of the mass at its maximum and minimum height is decreasing from one cycle to the next. This illustrates that energy is being lost from the mass-spring system. If given enough time, the vibration of the mass will eventually cease as its energy is dissipated.

Perhaps, this observation of energy dissipation or energy loss is the observation that triggers the "slowing down" comment discussed earlier. In physics or at least in the English language"slowing down" means to "get slower" or to "lose speed". Speed, a physics term, refers to how fast or how slow an object is moving.

## Digital Electronic Circuit Trainer

To say that the mass on the spring is "slowing down" over time is to say that its speed is decreasing over time. But as mentioned and as will be discussed in great detail laterthe mass speeds up during two intervals of every cycle. As the restoring force pulls the mass back towards its resting position for instance, from B to C and from D to Ethe mass speeds up. For this reason, a physicist adopts a different language to communicate the idea that the vibrations are "dying out".

We use the phrase "energy is being dissipated or lost" instead of saying the "mass is slowing down. And sometimes, faulty language combined with surface-level thinking can confuse a student of physics who is sincerely trying to learn new ideas.

Period and Frequency So far in this part of the lesson, we have looked at measurements of time and position of a mass on a spring. The measurements were based upon readings of a position-time graph. The data on the graph was collected by a motion detector that was capturing a history of the motion over the course of time.

The key measurements that have been made are measurements of: These two measurable quantities have names. We call these quantities period and amplitude.

An object that is in periodic motion - such as a mass on a spring, a pendulum or a bobblehead doll - will undergo back and forth vibrations about a fixed position in a regular and repeating fashion.

The fact that the periodic motion is regular and repeating means that it can be mathematically described by a quantity known as the period.

## Telescopic observations

The period of the object's motion is defined as the time for the object to complete one full cycle. Being a time, the period is measured in units such as seconds, milliseconds, days or even years. The standard metric unit for period is the second. An object in periodic motion can have a long period or a short period.

For instance, a pendulum bob tied to a 1-meter length string has a period of about 2.

## Pendulum Motion

For comparison sake, consider the vibrations of a piano string that plays the middle C note the C note of the fourth octave. Its period is approximately 0. When comparing these two vibrating objects - the 1. Observe that the description of the two objects uses the terms frequently and infrequently.2 Circular Motion Abstract Centripetal acceleration is the force that we feel when an object is undergoing an uniform circular motion such as when going around a curve, or on a loop to loop roller coaster.

A g block of wood is at rest at the bottom of a loop-the-loop section of track when it is struck by a 5-g bullet initially moving at speed v o. Upon impact the bullet becomes embedded in the wood. force directed to the centre of the circular motion in keeping the object in the circular path, the force is known as the centripetal force. Ìn this experiment, the rubber bung is attached to one end of the string to perform the circular motion/5(18).

Since creating true uniform circular motion in a lab setting can be difficult, in this lab you will use the string and a cylindrical mass (bob) to create a pendulum that hangs from the Force Sensor.

Thus, the setup will not be true uniform circular motion as the pendulum is affected by the acceleration. UNIT Electricity. Energy output of a solar panel Photovoltaics (PV) is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity using semiconductors that exhibit the photovoltaic effect.

Lab 5: Circular Motion and the Pendulum 2 C. Net Force Returning to the white board, make a diagram showing all of the forces on the plane as viewed from the front. For consistency sake, F s & stands for the string’s force on the plane and FE & stands for the Earth’s force on the plane.

Here is a history of older questions and answers processed by "Ask the Physicist!". If you like my answer, please consider making a donation to help support this service. Be sure the reference washer does not move up and down, and does not touch the handle. 4. Determine the period T (time) for one revolution, then calculate v, and a c. These problems will allow you to practice your knowledge of situations involving uniform circular motion. Each situation begins with a set of givens and is followed by a series of questions. Make sure that your first submissions are, as always, as accurate as possible.
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