Kino is a dignified, hardworking, impoverished native who works as a pearl diver.
Comment At dawn on Jan. Russian soldiers stood at the entrance to the basement of the Univermag department store in which the top-ranking German officers, including supreme commander Friedrich Paulus, had taken refuge.
One day earlier, Adolf Hitler had promoted the leader of the German troops in Stalingrad to the rank of field marshal -- not so much as a sign of recognition as an implicit order to end his life rather than allow himself to be captured. Lieutenant Colonel Leonid Vinokur was the first to catch sight of Paulus: He lay there in his coat, with his cap on.
He had two-week-old beard stubble and seemed to have lost all courage. There were two toilets and signs above them both that read: But Paulus and his staff chose not to do that. They didn't have the courage to die," said eyewitness Burmakov.
A Turning Point The battle of Stalingrad marked a psychological turning point in Nazi Germany's war of conquest and annihilation. As British historian Eric Hobsbawm summed up the situation: Some 60, German soldiers died in the siege.
Of theGerman prisoners captured in Stalingrad, only some 5, ever returned home. On the Soviet side, between half a million and 1 million Red Army soldiers died. Now, nearly 70 years later, it's possible to grasp with unprecedented clarity how the victors experienced this fateful battle on the Volga River.
These new insights were originally the work of Moscow historian Isaak Izrailevich Mints.
Inhe founded the Commission on the History of the Patriotic War. The idea was for everyone in the armed forces, from common soldiers to high-ranking officers, to express their thoughts, feelings and experiences as a model for others -- but with no embellishments.
Inthree historians interviewed over 20 Soviet soldiers who were on hand when Paulus and his men were captured.
This is the first precise account of this event from the perspective of ordinary soldiers. Researchers conducted interviews with a total of combatants in Stalingrad -- some during the battle and some shortly thereafter. Some of the statements reflect the official character of the interview situation, but the soldiers also spoke of their fears and cowardice, and even criticized decisions by their superiors.
The accounts were so candid that the Communists later only published a small portion of them. Afterthe Soviet leadership was not interested in impressions of bloody battles, but rather in glorified heroic epics in which Stalin played the leading role.
The roughly 5, protocols compiled by the historians' commission disappeared into the history department archives at the Soviet Academy of Sciences.
Seven years later, he was able to secure over 10, pages in Moscow. A New Version of Events Hellbeck has now published "Die Stalingrad-Protokolle" or "The Stalingrad Protocols"which consist of interviews, including in some cases photos of the interviewed soldiers, along with background information on the interviews.
In light of these documents, the history of the Battle of Stalingrad may not have to be rewritten, but it does need correcting on a number of points.
These latest findings completely undermine the argument -- put forward by the Nazis and repeated by the West during the Cold War -- that the Red Army soldiers only fought so fiercely because they would have otherwise been shot by members of the secret police.
There is no doubt that there were executions on the front.
Lieutenant General Vasily Chuikov, supreme commander of the 62nd Army, personally told historians how he dealt with "cowards": They were all astonished. By contrast, documents discovered in Russian archives show that there had been fewer than executions by mid-October The "Stalingrad Protocols" reveal that the Soviet soldiers' willingness to make sacrifices could not be solely attributed to such repressive measures.
A key role was played by so-called "political officers," who repeatedly assured the enlisted men that they were risking their lives for their people's freedom. They endeavored to motivate the soldiers and address their concerns to boost their fighting morale.
The interviews also show that devoted Communists felt that they had to play a leading role everywhere. Brigade Commissar Vasilyev said: Political officers distributed fliers in the battle zone portraying the "hero of the day," including large photos of the honored soldiers.
They sent portraits of the award winners to the proud parents. The concept was that this was a people's war.The main character is Kino. Kino is an aboriginal in Baja California. He is a fisherman, and he lives in a brush hut in a village by the sea .
(read full character analysis) The trackers These are the three men, two on foot and one on horseback, who come from the town to capture Kino ’s family and pearl.
Main Ideas. Here's where you'll find analysis about the book as a whole, from the major themes and ideas to analysis of style, tone, point of view, and more. Collaborative Drug Discovery Bayshore Highway, Suite Burlingame, CA USA Modern Drug Discovery Informatics your whole project team will embrace.
CDD VaultCDD Vault is the easy to use database for your chemistry and biology data throughout the drug discovery process. Character Analysis of Kino in Kino, a character from the story “The Pearl,” is a prime example of a developing character.
From the start . Kino feels that if he fights for what he believes, he will be brought to the status of respect and peaceful living, but instead the evil that is brought out of him leads to the demise of his family. In The Pearl by John Steinbeck, Kino is on a journey to find wealth and success, while taking this journey he proves himself to be a loving protector, very .