To organize the discussion in this report, the committee elected to use the approach and overarching terms depicted in Figure The committee does not intend to present this as a single best set of terms or a single best categorical organization.
Child development refers to the stages of physical, cognitive, emotional, social, and language growth that occurs from the birth to beginning of adulthood. All aspects of a child's development may be affected by many different factors, including a poor learning environment, lack of social interaction, cultural background differences, abuse, and. The development of language is strongly interdependent with, and supports, your child’s brain development and cognitive development. Studies have shown that having a large vocabulary increases creativity and helps people to come up with new ideas. an effective social development program will include elements of developing the foundational competencies in other domains that support and enrich it and will do so in a way that the child or adolescent has high social self-esteem in a variety of social situations.
Gender Development in Late Adulthood Late adulthood old age is generally considered to begin at about age Erik Erikson suggests that at this time it is important to find meaning and satisfaction in life rather than to become bitter and disillusioned, that is, to resolve the conflict of integrity vs.
Despite the problems associated with longevity, studies of people in their 70s have shown that growing old is not necessarily synonymous with substantial mental or physical deterioration. Many older people are happy and engaged in a variety of activities.
Gerontology, an interdisciplinary field that studies the process of aging and the aging population, involves psychology, biology, sociology, and other fields. Theories of successful aging. Theories of successful aging include the following: The disengagement theory states that as people age, their withdrawal from society is normal and desirable as it relieves them of responsibilities and roles that have become difficult.
Proponents of this theory Cognitive that activities of earlier years should be maintained as long as possible. Ageism may be defined as the prejudice or discrimination that occurs on the basis of age.
Although it can be used against people of all ages, older people are most frequently its target and it may often result in forced retirement. People typically reach the peak of their physical strength and endurance during their twenties and then gradually decline.
In later adulthood, a variety of physiological changes may occur, including some degree of atrophy of the brain and a decrease in the rate of neural processes. The respiratory and circulatory systems are less efficient, and changes in the gastrointestinal tract may lead to increased constipation.
Bone mass diminishes, especially among women, leading to bone density disorders such as osteoporosis.
Muscles become weaker unless exercise programs are followed. The skin dries and becomes less flexible. Hair loss occurs in both sexes. There is also decreased sensitivity in all of the sensory modalities, including olfaction, taste, touch, hearing, and vision.
The study of cognitive changes in the older population is complex. Intellectual changes in late adulthood do not always result in reduction of ability. While fluid intelligence the ability to see and to use patterns and relationships to solve problems does decline in later years, crystallized intelligence the ability to use accumulated information to solve problems and make decisions has been shown to rise slightly over the entire life span.
Dementias are usually responsible for cognitive defects seen in older people. The leading cause of dementia in the United States is Alzheimer's disease, a progressive, eventually fatal disease that begins with confusion and memory lapses and ends with the loss of ability to care for oneself.
Retirement at age 65 is the conventional choice for many people, although some work until much later. People have been found to be happier in retirement if they are not forced to retire before they are ready and if they have enough income to maintain an adequate living standard.
Chronic health problems such as arthritis, rheumatism, and hypertension increasingly interfere with the quality of life of most individuals as they age.
Women tend to marry men older than they are and, on average, live 5 to 7 years longer than men.Infant Toddler Development Training Module 1, Lesson 1. Developmental Domains & Typical Sequences of Development. As previously stated, when looking at child development, several domains or developmental areas are considered: motor/physical, cognitive, social/emotional, communication/language, and self-help.
child cognitive development, as a static progressive process unfolding along a series of fixed ladder steps, either through stages or through linear ability scales.
In short, this meta-metaphor Growing adaptively in a dynamic world with various social, emotional, technological, and physical challenges means that behavior must fit the. Vygotsky believed language is an important tool for thought and plays a key role in cognitive development.
He introduced the term private speech, or self-talk. This refers to when children "think out loud." After learning language, children engage in this self . Cognitive, Social and Language Development Essay Sample. This paper will discuss cognitive, social and language development.
Four articles will be summarized, . The cognitive, neural, and social advantages observed in bilingual people highlight the need to consider how bilingualism shapes the activity and the architecture of the brain, and ultimately how language is represented in the human mind, especially since the majority of speakers in the world experience life through more than one language.
The development of language is strongly interdependent with, and supports, your child’s brain development and cognitive development. Studies have shown that having a large vocabulary increases creativity and helps people to come up with new ideas.