Getty Images Advertisement When it comes to home projects, I am a step-by-step kind of girl. I read the instructions from start to finish, and then reread and execute each step.
Integrating styles and intelligences can help children learn in many ways—not just in the areas of their strengths. In the 20th century, two great theories have been put forward in an attempt to interpret human differences and to design educational models around these differences.
Learning-style theory has its roots in the psychoanalytic community; multiple intelligences theory is the fruit of cognitive science and reflects an effort to rethink the theory of measurable intelligence embodied in intelligence testing.
Both, in fact, combine insights from biology, anthropology, psychology, medical case studies, and an examination of art and culture. But learning styles emphasize the different ways people think and feel as they solve problems, create products, and interact. The theory of multiple intelligences is an effort to understand how cultures and disciplines shape human potential.
Though both theories claim that dominant ideologies of intelligence inhibit our understanding of human differences, learning styles are concerned with differences in the process of learning, whereas multiple intelligences center on the content and products of learning.
Until now, neither theory has had much to do with the other. Howard Gardner spells out the difference between the theories this way: In MI theory, I begin with a human organism that responds or fails to respond to different kinds of contents in the world.
Those who speak of learning styles are searching for approaches that ought to characterize all contents p. We believe that the integration of learning styles and multiple intelligence theory may minimize their respective limitations and enhance their strengths, and we provide some practical suggestions for teachers to successfully integrate and apply learning styles and multiple intelligence theory in the classroom.
Learning Styles Learning-style theory begins with Carl Jungwho noted major differences in the way people perceived sensation versus intuitionthe way they made decisions logical thinking versus imaginative feelingsand how active or reflective they were while interacting extroversion versus introversion.
Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggswho created the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and founded the Association of Psychological Type, applied Jung's work and influenced a generation of researchers trying to understand specific differences in human learning.
Although learning-style theorists interpret the personality in various ways, nearly all models have two things in common: A focus on process.
Learning-style models tend to concern themselves with the process of learning: An emphasis on personality. Learning-style theorists generally believe that learning is the result of a personal, individualized act of thought and feeling.
Most learning-style theorists have settled on four basic styles. Our own model, for instance, describes the following four styles: The Mastery style learner absorbs information concretely; processes information sequentially, in a step-by-step manner; and judges the value of learning in terms of its clarity and practicality.
The Understanding style learner focuses more on ideas and abstractions; learns through a process of questioning, reasoning, and testing; and evaluates learning by standards of logic and the use of evidence.
The Self-Expressive style learner looks for images implied in learning; uses feelings and emotions to construct new ideas and products; and judges the learning process according to its originality, aesthetics, and capacity to surprise or delight.
Learning styles are not fixed throughout life, but develop as a person learns and grows. Our approximate breakdown of the percentages of people with strengths in each style is as follows: Mastery, 35 percent; Understanding, 18 percent; Self-Expressive, 12 percent; and Interpersonal, 35 percent Silver and Strong Most learning-style advocates would agree that all individuals develop and practice a mixture of styles as they live and learn.
Most people's styles flex and adapt to various contexts, though to differing degrees. In fact, most people seek a sense of wholeness by practicing all four styles to some degree.
Educators should help students discover their unique profiles, as well as a balance of styles. Strengths and Limitations of a Learning-Style Model The following are some strengths of learning-style models: They tend to focus on how different individuals process information across many content areas.THE ROLE OF LEARNING STYLES IN THE TEACHING/LEARNING PROCESS Nancy Csapo, Central Michigan University, [email protected] [7, p.
|Learning styles across cultures||Moreover, although individuals may have some strong style preferences and tendencies, learning styles are not fixed modes of behaviour, and, based on different situations and tasks, styles can be extended and modified Reid ; Oxford However, the extent to which individuals can extend or shift their styles to suit a particular situation varies Ehrman|
|Discussion||Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences. This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways," according to Gardner|
1]. Individuals approach learning differently due to differences in their learning styles. A person’s approach to learning is a relatively stable important understanding learning styles and the role of. Multiple Intelligences. Howard Gardner of Harvard has identified seven distinct intelligences.
This theory has emerged from recent cognitive research and "documents the extent to which students possess different kinds of minds and therefore learn, remember, perform, and understand in different ways," according to Gardner ().
Learning styles and preferences vary for each of us and in different situations. By understanding this, and developing the skills that help you learn in a variety of ways, you make the most of your learning potential.
• Experiential learning activities or exercises (note: students don’t learn from experience, they learn from reflecting on experiences in an educational.
Each learning type responds best to a different method of teaching. Auditory learners will remember information best after reciting it back to the presenter, while kinesthetic learners will jump at the chance to participate in a hands-on activity.
This area has to do with sensitivity to sounds, rhythms, tones, and timberdesignmag.com with a high musical intelligence normally have good pitch and may even have absolute pitch, and are able to sing, play musical instruments, and compose timberdesignmag.com have sensitivity to rhythm, pitch, meter, tone, melody or .