See Article History Alternative Titles: Malaviya was the son of Pandit Brij Nath, a noted Sanskrit scholar, and his early education took place at two Sanskrit pathshalas traditional schools. After graduating from Muir Central College, Allahabadinhe took up teaching in a local school. He was a diligent scholar and instructor, but he was more attracted to politics, and he made his political debut at the Calcutta Kolkata session of the Indian National Congress.
His ancestors, known for their Sanskrit scholarship, originally hailed from Malwa UjjainMadhya Pradesh and hence came to be known as 'Malaviyas'. Their original surname was Chaturvedi. His father was also a learned man in Sanskrit scriptures, and used to recite the Srimad Bhagavat.
He then joined Allahabad Zila School Allahabad District Schoolwhere he started writing poems under the pen name Makarand which were published in journals and magazines.
Harrison College's Principal provided a monthly scholarship to Malaviya, whose family had been facing financial hardships, and he was able to complete his B.
Although he wanted to pursue an M. In DecemberMalaviya attended the 2nd Indian National Congress session in Calcutta under chairmanship of Dadabhai Naorojiwhere he spoke on the issue of representation in Councils.
His address not only impressed Dadabhai but also Raja Rampal Singh, ruler of Kalakankar estate near Allahabadwho started a Hindi weekly Hindustan but was looking for a suitable editor to turn it into a daily.
Thus in Julyhe left his school job and joined as the editor of the nationalist weekly, he remained here for two and a half years, and left for Allahabad to join L. After finishing his law degree, he started practising law at Allahabad District Court inand moved to Allahabad High Court by December He was a moderate leader and opposed the separate electorates for Muslims under the Lucknow Pact of The "Mahamana" title was conferred to him by Mahatma Gandhi.
To redeem his resolve to serve the cause of education and social-service he renounced his well established practice of law infor ever.
In order to follow the tradition of Sannyasa throughout his life, he pursued the avowed commitment to live on the society's support. But when freedom fighters were convicted to be hanged in the Chauri-chaura case he appeared before the court, despite his vow and got acquitted freedom fighters.
In he joined Lala Lajpat RaiJawaharlal Nehru and many others in protesting against the Simon Commissionwhich had been set up by the British to consider India's future. Just as the "Buy British" campaign was sweeping England, he issued, on 30 Maya manifesto urging concentration on the "Buy Indian" movement in India.
However, during the Civil Disobedience Movementhe was arrested on 25 Aprilalong with other Congress volunteers in Delhi, only a few days after he was appointed in at Delhi as the President of Congress after the arrest of Sarojini Naidu.
Thus before Independence, Malaviya was the only leader of the Indian National Congress who was appointed as its President for four terms. On 25 Septemberan agreement known as Poona Pact was signed between Dr.
Ambedkar on behalf of the depressed classes among Hindus and Malaviya on behalf of the other Hindus. The agreement gave reserved seats for the depressed classes in the Provisional legislatures, within the general electorate and not by creating a separate electorate.
Due to the pact, the depressed class received seats in the legislature, instead of the 71 as allocated in the Communal Award proposal of the British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald. After the pact, the Communal Award was modified to include the terms as per the pacts.
The party contested the elections to the central legislature and won 12 seats. Raja Rampal Singh of Kalakankar Pratapgadh District impressed by the speech and the personality of Malaviyaji, during the 2nd Congress Session in Calcutta held in After the incorporation of "Indian Opinion" with the "Advocate" of Lucknow, Malaviya started his own Hindi weekly "Abhyudaya" under his editorship.
He then realized the need of an English Newspaper to make the campaign effective throughout the country. As a result, with the help of Motilal Nehru he started an English daily the "Leader" inwhere he was Editor and President Jayakar and industrialist Ghanshyam Das Birlaacquired Hindustan Times and saved it from an untimely demise.
Malaviya was the Chairman of Hindustan Times from to His efforts resulted in the launch of its Hindi edition 'Hindustan' in Or a page essay on why she thinks she can break my heart annie dillard essay total eclipse detox kanuma festival essay?
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