Overview[ edit ] Ball-headed War Club with Spike, Menominee, early 19th century, Brooklyn Museum The Menominee are part of the Algonquian language family of North America, made up several tribes now located around the Great Lakes and many other tribes based along the Atlantic coast.
The reservation contains aboutacres, most of them thickly forested. The reservation has two main villages—Neopit and Keshena—a smaller village called Zoar, and a somewhat scattered community called South Branch.
Population Inthere were from 2, to 4, Menominee.
Inthe number had dropped tobut increased to 1, inand 2, in In the U. Census, 8, people identified themselves as Menominee. About 3, of them lived on the reservation. According to the U. Census, there were 8, Menominee. Origins and group affiliations The Menominee are believed to have occupied areas in Michigan and Wisconsin for five thousand years or more.
Together with the Winnebago and Ojibway, the Menominee are the original tribes of Wisconsin and parts of Michigan. All three tribes share characteristics with newer arrivals such as the Sac and Fox and the Potawatomi.
At one time the Menominee controlled nearly 10 million acres, lands that stretched from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River. Mainly hunter-gatherers, they also did some hunting and fishing. The Menominee, a brave and generous people, managed to survive although surrounded by larger and more powerful tribes.
American settlers and loggers, however, took more and more Menominee land until the Natives were finally confined to a reservation after As of the Menominee were a relatively prosperous people whose traditional culture remains vital.
History French disrupt peaceful existence The Menominee have inhabited their territory for at least five thousand years, the longest of any Wisconsin tribe.
Their first encounter with Europeans happened when Frenchman Jean Nicolet pronounced Nik-o-LAY ; — passed through their territory inlooking for a passage to China.
Over the next thirty years the Menominee had little interaction with French traders, but they suffered at the hands of other tribes who did, largely because of the fur trade. The fur trade in Canada and around the Great Lakes resulted in intense rivalries among Native tribes.
Eager to trade furs for French goods, some hunters began to expand their activities onto lands others regarded as theirs.
Stronger tribes began forcing weaker ones westward. Refugees from the Ojibway and Potawatomi tribes crowded into Menominee lands.
The invasion was disruptive for everyone. Wars broke out among tribes competing for food and land. Many people starved to death or became victims of warfare and diseases. Trading post established Contact between the Menominee and the French began when the French established a trading post at Green BayWisconsin, in By then there were fewer than four hundred Menominee left, and they became dependent on fur trading.The largest American Indian population in Wisconsin, the Menominee, was pressured to sell away 11, square miles of land along the lower Fox River.9 The Treaty of Prairie du Chien of was significant in the history of American Indians in Wisconsin, after European settlement.
The Menominee tribe values nature, wildlife, ecology, their culture, and their language, The Menominee have a fighting spirit which has saved them from losing land and saved the land around them too. They’ve signed many treaties and continued to fight to keep their land, traditions, and people/5(1).
Menominee, also spelled Menomini, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who, when first encountered by the missionary-voyageur Jean Nicolet in , lived along the Menominee River, now the eastern portion of the boundary between Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Resources. More on the history of Menominee language revitalization efforts from the Center for the Study of Upper Midwestern Cultures.. Menominee language alphabet, phrases, and audio from Down to a Whisper, an interactive on Wisconsin Native languages from the Wisconsin State Journal..
Information from the Menominee Language Institute. The Menominee are descendants of the Late Woodland Indians who inhabited the lands once occupied by Hopewell Indians, the earliest human inhabitants of the Lake Michigan region.
As the Hopewell culture declined, circa A.D., the Lake Michigan region eventually became home to Late Woodland Indians.
History of the Mandan Indian Tribe - The Mandan are an indigenous tribe native to North America. The Mandan’s are known for being one of the earliest tribes to live on the great plains of the Midwest.