His father was Thomas Stevenson and grandfather was Robert Stevenson, both successful lighthouse engineers, and his mother was Margaret Balfour. He studied at Edinburgh Academy in his youth. His parents were both very religious. Robert gave up the religion of his parents while studying at the University of Edinburgh, but the teaching that he received as a child continued to influence him.
He was christened Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson. At about age 18, Robert louis stevenson list of essays changed the spelling of "Lewis" to "Louis", and he dropped "Balfour" in However, Robert's mother's family were gentry, tracing their lineage back to Alexander Balfour who had held the lands of Inchyra in Fife in the fifteenth century.
His mother's father Lewis Balfour — was a minister of the Church of Scotland at nearby Colinton and her siblings included physician George William Balfour and marine engineer James Balfour. Stevenson spent the greater part of his boyhood holidays in his maternal grandfather's house.
Stevenson inherited a tendency to coughs and fevers, exacerbated when the family moved to a damp, chilly house at 1 Inverleith Terrace in Illness was a recurrent feature of his adult life and left him extraordinarily thin.
His nurse Alison Cunningham known as Cummy  was more fervently religious. Her mix of Calvinism and folk beliefs were an early source of nightmares for the child, and he showed a precocious concern for religion.
Stevenson recalled this time of sickness in "The Land of Counterpane" in A Child's Garden of Verses dedicating the book to his nurse. He was a late reader, learning at age 7 or 8, but even before this he dictated stories to his mother and nurse,  and he compulsively wrote stories throughout his childhood.
His father was proud of this interest; he had also written stories in his spare time until his own father found them and told him to "give up such nonsense and mind your business.
A Page of History, It was an account of the Covenanters' rebellion which was published inthe th anniversary of the event. During his many absences he was taught by private tutors. In Octoberhe went to Edinburgh Academyan independent school for boys, and stayed there sporadically for about fifteen months.
In the autumn ofhe spent one term at an English boarding school at Spring Grove in Isleworth in Middlesex now an urban area of West London. In Octoberfollowing an improvement to his health, he was sent to Robert Thomson's private school in Frederick Street, Edinburgh, where he remained until he went to university.
He showed from the start no enthusiasm for his studies and devoted much energy to avoiding lectures. This time was more important for the friendships he made with other students in the Speculative Society an exclusive debating clubparticularly with Charles Baxter, who would become Stevenson's financial agent, and with a professor, Fleeming Jenkinwhose house staged amateur drama in which Stevenson took part, and whose biography he would later write.
He enjoyed the travels more for the material they gave for his writing than for any engineering interest. The voyage with his father pleased him because a similar journey of Walter Scott with Robert Stevenson had provided the inspiration for Scott's novel The Pirate. Though the elder Stevenson was naturally disappointed, the surprise cannot have been great, and Stevenson's mother reported that he was "wonderfully resigned" to his son's choice.
To provide some security, it was agreed that Stevenson should read Law again at Edinburgh University and be called to the Scottish bar. In the afternoon of time A strenuous family dusted from its hands The sand of granite, and beholding far Along the sounding coast its pyramids And tall memorials catch the dying sun, Smiled well content, and to this childish task Around the fire addressed its evening hours.
In other respects too, Stevenson was moving away from his upbringing. His dress became more Bohemian ; he already wore his hair long, but he now took to wearing a velveteen jacket and rarely attended parties in conventional evening dress.
Questioning his son about his beliefs, he discovered the truth, leading to a long period of dissension with both parents: As my father said "You have rendered my whole life a failure".
As my mother said "This is the heaviest affliction that has ever befallen me". O Lord, what a pleasant thing it is to have damned the happiness of probably the only two people who care a damn about you in the world.
Early writing and travels[ edit ] Stevenson c. Sitwell was a year-old woman with a son, who was separated from her husband. She attracted the devotion of many who met her, including Colvin, who married her in Stevenson was also drawn to her, and they kept up a heated correspondence over several years in which he wavered between the role of a suitor and a son he addressed her as "Madonna".
He placed Stevenson's first paid contribution in The Portfolioan essay entitled "Roads". Stephen took Stevenson to visit a patient at the Edinburgh Infirmary named William Ernest Henleyan energetic and talkative man with a wooden leg. Henley became a close friend and occasional literary collaborator, until a quarrel broke up the friendship inand he is often considered to be the model for Long John Silver in Treasure Island.
He returned in better health in April and settled down to his studies, but he returned to France several times after that.The Robert louis stevenson is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents.
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Robert Louis Stevenson was born to Thomas and Margaret Isabella Balfour Stevenson in Edinburgh on 13 November From the beginning he was sickly. Through much of his childhood he was attended by his faithful nurse, Alison Cunningham, known as Cummy in the family circle.
Introduction. I. LIFE OF STEVENSON. Robert Louis Stevenson was born at Edinburgh on the 13 November His father, Thomas, and his grandfather, Robert, were both distinguished light-house engineers; and the maternal grandfather, Balfour, was a Professor of .
Essays and criticism on Robert Louis Stevenson's Markheim - Criticism. The Robert Louis Stevenson Museum in St. Helena, California, is home to over 11, objects and artifacts, the majority of which belonged to Stevenson.
Opened in , the museum houses such treasures as his childhood rocking chair, writing desk, toy . Robert Louis Stevenson Essays: Over , Robert Louis Stevenson Essays, Robert Louis Stevenson Term Papers, Robert Louis Stevenson Research Paper, Book Reports.
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