Visit Website Like DuBois, Woodson believed that young African Americans in the early 20th century were not being taught enough of their own heritage, and the achievements of their ancestors. He chose February because the month contained the birthdays of both Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglasstwo prominent men whose historic achievements African Americans already celebrated.
Attending elementary school only a few months per year, Woodson was mostly self-taught. At age nineteen he enrolled in the Frederick Douglass High School in Huntington, West Virginiawhere he excelled and completed the four-year curriculum in under two years.
Education and Early Career Woodson attended Berea College in Kentucky for two years, until the institution closed its doors to blacks. Securing a position as general superintendent of education in Manilathe Philippinesfor the United States Bureau of Insular Affairs, Woodson taught English, health, and agriculture.
He resigned for health reasons inand traveled to AsiaNorth Africa, and Europe.
Woodson applied for graduate study at the University of Chicago ; however, school officials would not recognize his Berea degree. Woodson then enrolled in the doctoral program at Harvard University. After completing coursework, he sought employment in Washington, D.
At the time, he was the first African American of slave ancestry and the second African American, after W. Du Bois, to receive a doctorate from Harvard.
He failed to get his dissertation published and discovered that his professional options were limited. Committed to writing black history, he published another manuscript, The Education of the Negro Prior to Quickly tiring of academic politics, he sought other avenues to advance his passion for the scientific study of blacks and black history.
Hartgrave, and Alexander L. Founded as a historical society devoted to the research of black America, the organization was meant to be ideologically and politically independent. In the association established a quarterly, the Journal of Negro History. Woodson evolved a philosophy about black history: He wanted to free black history from white intellectual bias and present blacks as active participants in history.
Additionally, he wanted both black and white people to be exposed to the contributions of blacks. He believed that black history should be a part of the school curriculum.
He never married, and friends and supporters noted that Woodson worked day and night for his association. Woodson raised funds from white corporate philanthropists; however, frequent disagreements and accusations of "radicalism" forced him to compromise his beliefs and declare his loyalty to American capitalism.
Struggling to support the organization and himself, Woodson accepted a position as principal at the Armstrong Manual Training School in Washington, D. Clashing with Howard president J. The spread of Pan-Africanism, Garveyism, and the emergent Renaissance cultural movement were indications of heightened racial consciousness among African Americans.
This climate provided support for "race men. By the Journal of Negro History had published ten monographs and many articles. In Woodson and his association made their indelible imprint on America and the world.
Washington, and Abraham Lincoln. Additionally it would celebrate the achievements of blacks throughout history. In this celebration was expanded to the widely celebrated Black History Month.
This penetrating work critiqued the established school curriculum as grounded in racism and Eurocentric thought. Such education, he believed, could only result in the colonial subordination of African people in America.
He will find his proper place and willstay in it" p. Educated blacks would dissociate themselves from the majority of their race, and black people could never achieve unity and racial advancement with this type of education.
Aimed at schools and young people, the Bulletin cost very little and used accessible language. Throughout the s, the widely respected Woodson worked to popularize black history, maintain the ASNHL, and continue publication efforts.
He was honored with the prestigious Spingarn Medal from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People along with several honorary degrees. Postal Service honored him with a memorial stamp in February A Life in Black History. Louisiana State University Press.
Woodson, White Philanthropy and Negro Historiography. The Education of the Negro prior to Dr. Carter G. Woodson. December 19 th, James Henry and Anne Eliza Woodson gave birth to one of the greatest minds of the 20 th century, Carter G.
Woodson, in New Canton, Virginia. As a young child Woodson’s family was poor and sharecropping was a means his . Called the "Father of Negro History," Carter Godwin Woodson () was instrumental in the founding of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in During his lifetime he was probably the most significant scholar promoting the history and achievements of African Americans.
Watch video · In , Carter G. Woodson helped found the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (later named the Association for the Study of African American Life and History), which had the goal of placing African-American historical contributions front and center.
The only full biography of Woodson is Jacqueline Goggin, Carter G. Woodson: A Life in Black History (), although August Meier and Elliott Rudwick devote a chapter to Woodson in Black History and the Historical Profession, – (). The Father of Black History Month, Dr.
Carter G. Woodson, was born in near New Canton, VA. He was the son of former slaves. In , he obtained his BA degree from the University of Chicago. Called the "Father of Negro History," Carter Godwin Woodson () was instrumental in the founding of the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in During his lifetime he was probably the most significant scholar promoting the history and achievements of African Americans.