All of the typewriters on this page are owned by me, but are only on public display virtually through this Web site. The typewriter collection contains over typewrites from 23 manufacturers spanning the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries, from at least ten countries United States, Japan, China, East Germany, West Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, England and the Nethelands. The museum contains at least one typewriter from each decade since the s.
History[ edit ] Peter Mitterhofer's typewriter prototype Although many modern typewriters have one of several similar designs, their invention was incremental, developed by numerous inventors working independently or in competition with each other over a series of decades.
As with the automobiletelephoneand telegrapha number of people contributed insights and inventions that eventually resulted in ever more commercially successful instruments. Historians have estimated that some form of typewriter was invented 52 times as thinkers tried to come up with a workable design.
In an Italian printmaker, Francesco Rampazetto, invented the scrittura tattile, a machine to impress letters in papers. The patent shows that this machine was actually created: He also invented carbon paper to provide the ink for his machine.
Pratt 's "pterotype" InAmerican William Austin Burt patented a machine called the " Typographer " which, in common with many other early machines, is listed as the "first typewriter". The Science Museum London describes it merely as "the first writing mechanism whose invention was documented," but even that claim may be excessive, since Turri's invention pre-dates it.
Burt and his promoter John D. Sheldon never found a buyer for the patent, so the invention was never commercially produced. Because the typographer used a dial, rather than keys, to select each character, it was called an "index typewriter" rather than a "keyboard typewriter.
By the midth century, the increasing pace of business communication had created a need for mechanization of the writing process. Stenographers and telegraphers could take down information at rates up to words per minute, whereas a writer with a pen was limited to a maximum of 30 words per minute the speed record.
It was an advanced machine that let the user see the writing as it was typed.
In that same year the Brazilian emperor D. Pedro IIpresented a gold medal to Father Azevedo for this invention.
Many Brazilian people as well as the Brazilian federal government recognize Fr. Azevedo as the inventor of the typewriter, a claim that has been the subject of some controversy. Hansen Writing Ball[ edit ] Main article: Rasmus Malling-Hansen of Denmark invented the Hansen Writing Ballwhich went into commercial production in and was the first commercially sold typewriter.
It was a success in Europe and was reported as being used in offices in London as late as According to the book Hvem er skrivekuglens opfinder? Who is the inventor of the Writing Ball? Malling-Hansen placed the letters on short pistons that went directly through the ball and down to the paper.A book entitled Atop an Underwood: Early Stories and Other Writings was printed by the Viking Press in and is an anthology of American Beat writer Jack Kerouac's early work.; An Underwood typewriter is featured in the Australian stop-motion animation film Mary and Max, in which Max, in New York City, used an Underwood to write to Mary, in Australia.
Not too long ago, every town had at least one shop that sold and repaired typewriters. But in the cyberage, when even the verb "to type" is being replaced with the verb "to keyboard," typewriter repair is an endangered art.
Underwood , , and Typewriter Ribbon, Black, Compatible, Twin Spool. A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical machine for writing characters similar to those produced by printer's movable timberdesignmag.comlly, a typewriter has an array of keys, and pressing one causes a different single character to be produced on the paper, by causing a ribbon with dried ink to be struck against the paper by a type element similar to the sorts used in movable type.
Created Date: 2/26/ PM. Folks, Typewriter Maintenance, TM , , presents the proper methods of adjustment and repair of the typewriters of WW II.. In this online version of the manual we have attempted to keep the flavor of the original layout while taking advantage of the Web's universal accessibility.